- I. Introduction
- II. Advantages of Second Plane Scopes
- V. Factors to Consider When Choosing Second Plane Scopes
- VI. Pros and Cons Comparison: Second Plane Scopes vs. First Plane Scopes
- VII. Conclusion
- Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Second Plane Scopes
When it comes to precision shooting, selecting the right scope can significantly impact your accuracy and success. Second Plane (SP) scopes have garnered attention for their unique features and capabilities tailored to specific shooting scenarios. In this comprehensive article, we’ll delve into the definition of Second Plane Scopes, the importance of choosing the right scope, and the advantages they offer for various shooting applications.
A. Definition of Second Plane Scopes
Second Plane Scopes refer to a type of rifle scope where the reticle remains the same size regardless of the magnification level. Unlike First Plane scopes where the reticle size changes with magnification, Second Plane scopes keep the reticle in the rear focal plane. This design has its own set of advantages and considerations that make it suitable for certain shooting situations.
B. Importance of Choosing the Right Scope for Shooting
Selecting the appropriate scope is a critical decision for any shooter. The scope acts as the shooter’s eyes, aiding in aiming, target acquisition, and compensating for various factors like windage and bullet drop. An ill-suited scope can result in missed shots and frustration. Second Plane scopes offer specific benefits that can enhance shooting performance in particular scenarios.
II. Advantages of Second Plane Scopes
Second Plane scopes bring a host of advantages that cater to specific shooting applications. Let’s explore these advantages in detail:
A. Clear Reticle at Lower Magnifications
In Second Plane scopes, the reticle remains the same size, even at lower magnifications. This ensures that the reticle’s markings and subtensions are clear and easily readable, providing crucial information for aiming and holdovers. Whether you’re shooting at close or medium distances, the reticle’s visibility remains consistent, aiding in accurate shot placement.
B. Better Light Transmission
Many Second Plane scopes are designed with high-quality lenses and coatings that optimize light transmission. This results in a brighter and clearer image, even in challenging lighting conditions. The enhanced light gathering capability allows shooters to identify targets more effectively during low-light situations, such as dawn or dusk.
C. Simplified Holdover and Windage Corrections
Second Plane scopes often feature reticles with built-in bullet drop compensators and windage markings. These markings simplify holdover and windage adjustments, particularly in scenarios where quick calculations are necessary. Whether you’re dealing with a moving target or changing wind conditions, these markings aid in making rapid and accurate adjustments, reducing the chances of missed shots.
D. Ideal for Fast-paced Shooting Scenarios
Second Plane scopes are particularly well-suited for fast-paced shooting scenarios such as competitive shooting or hunting moving targets. The fixed reticle size ensures that the aiming point remains consistent, allowing shooters to engage targets rapidly without the distraction of changing reticle subtensions. This advantage can be a game-changer in dynamic shooting situations.
III. Disadvantages of Second Plane Scopes
A. Reticle Size and Visibility at High Magnifications
One significant drawback of second plane scopes is the reticle size and visibility issue, especially at high magnifications. As the magnification increases, the reticle often appears smaller, making it challenging to precisely aim at the target. This can be particularly problematic when engaging distant targets or in low-light conditions, where visibility becomes crucial. Shooters relying on quick target acquisition might find this aspect of second plane scopes limiting.
B. Complicated Holdover Calculations at Varying Magnifications
Second plane scopes can introduce complexities in holdover calculations when used at varying magnifications. Unlike first plane scopes where the reticle’s subtensions remain consistent across magnification levels, second plane scopes require adjustments in holdover calculations based on the current magnification. This can lead to errors in estimation, affecting shooting accuracy.
C. Limited Range Estimation Capability
Range estimation is a critical skill for shooters across applications, but second plane scopes can limit this capability. With varying magnifications altering the reticle’s subtensions, accurately determining target distance becomes challenging. Shooters heavily relying on range estimation might find this limitation a significant concern, potentially impacting their performance in the field.
D. Challenging Target Tracking at Extreme Distances
Tracking moving targets at extreme distances is a demanding task that requires precise aiming and adjustments. Second plane scopes can present challenges in this aspect due to the reticle’s changing size at different magnifications. Maintaining accuracy during target tracking becomes intricate, potentially affecting the shooter’s ability to hit dynamic targets effectively.
IV. Specific Shooting Applications for Second Plane Scopes
Hunting demands quick target acquisition, adaptability, and versatility. Second plane scopes can be suitable for hunting scenarios where shots are often taken at varying distances and lighting conditions. However, the reticle visibility issue at high magnifications might pose challenges during low-light situations or when engaging distant game.
B. Tactical Shooting
Tactical shooting requires rapid engagement and precise shot placement. Second plane scopes can excel in tactical applications due to their flexibility in target engagement at different distances. Shooters can quickly adapt to changing scenarios without recalculating holdovers, enhancing their effectiveness in dynamic environments.
C. Competitive Shooting
In competitive shooting, where fractions of an inch can determine victory, second plane scopes can be advantageous. These scopes offer a balance between quick target acquisition and precise shot placement. Shooters participating in events with multiple shooting positions and varying distances can benefit from the versatility these scopes provide.
D. Precision Long-Range Shooting
Precision long-range shooting demands unmatched accuracy and meticulous calculations. Second plane scopes might find limited use in this application due to their varying reticle subtensions. Shooters engaging targets at extreme distances require consistency in holdover calculations, making first plane scopes a more popular choice for this discipline.
V. Factors to Consider When Choosing Second Plane Scopes
A. Magnification Range
The magnification range of a second plane scope plays a pivotal role in its suitability for specific shooting applications. Consider the shooting distances you’ll encounter most frequently. For applications like tactical shooting, a scope with a versatile magnification range is essential, allowing quick transitions between short and long-range engagements. On the other hand, precision long-range shooting demands higher magnification settings to accurately engage distant targets.
B. Reticle Type and Design
The reticle type and design significantly influence the scope’s usability in different shooting scenarios. When selecting a second plane scope, evaluate the reticle’s subtensions and markings. In tactical shooting, a simple and uncluttered reticle design aids rapid target acquisition, while precision long-range shooting benefits from a reticle with detailed markings for precise holdover calculations.
C. Target Distance and Shooting Environment
The intended target distance and shooting environment are critical considerations when choosing a second plane scope. For hunting, where targets can be at varying distances and lighting conditions change, a scope with adaptable reticle visibility and a suitable magnification range is preferable. In competitive shooting, where accuracy and speed are paramount, a scope that facilitates quick target acquisition can offer a competitive edge.
D. Personal Shooting Preferences
Personal shooting preferences play a vital role in selecting the right second plane scope. Consider whether you prefer intuitive and quick aiming or are willing to invest time in mastering holdover calculations. Additionally, ergonomic factors such as eye relief, turret controls, and reticle illumination should align with your shooting style and comfort.
VI. Pros and Cons Comparison: Second Plane Scopes vs. First Plane Scopes
A. Pros of First Plane Scopes
First plane scopes offer several advantages that shooters find appealing:
- Constant Subtensions: The reticle subtensions remain consistent across all magnification levels in first plane scopes. This ensures accurate holdover calculations regardless of magnification settings, making them ideal for precision shooting.
- Accurate Range Estimation: With constant subtensions, first plane scopes enable accurate range estimation regardless of the magnification, enhancing shooting accuracy at varying distances.
- Target Tracking: First plane scopes excel in tracking moving targets at extreme distances due to their reticle’s consistent size. This feature is particularly beneficial in dynamic shooting scenarios.
B. Cons of First Plane Scopes
However, first plane scopes also come with their limitations:
- Bulkier Design: The design of first plane scopes can be bulkier due to the complexity of the reticle and optical arrangement, potentially adding weight to the firearm.
- Complexity in Low Light: The subtensions in first plane scopes can become too thin at low magnifications, making them harder to see in low-light conditions.
- Higher Cost: The manufacturing complexity of first plane scopes can lead to higher costs compared to second plane scopes.
C. Choosing the Right Scope for Your Shooting Needs
Selecting between second plane and first plane scopes depends on your shooting requirements:
- Second Plane Scopes: These scopes offer adaptability and quick target acquisition in various shooting scenarios. They are suitable for applications where rapid transitions between magnification levels are essential, such as tactical shooting.
- First Plane Scopes: If precision and consistent holdover calculations are critical, especially in precision long-range shooting, first plane scopes are the preferred choice. Their accuracy in range estimation and target tracking can provide a competitive edge.
Second plane (SP) scopes offer a blend of benefits and limitations that cater to different shooting requirements. Their adaptability and quick target acquisition make them a valuable asset in scenarios like tactical shooting and competitive events. However, the challenges they pose in areas such as reticle visibility at high magnifications and holdover calculations at varying magnifications cannot be ignored.
For hunters, the ability to quickly engage targets at varying distances comes with the trade-off of potential reticle visibility issues in low-light or distant situations. Tactical shooters can appreciate the flexibility second plane scopes offer in dynamic engagements, allowing them to swiftly transition between magnification levels.
In competitive shooting, where precision and speed are equally crucial, second plane scopes strike a balance between the two, enhancing a shooter’s competitive edge. On the other hand, precision long-range shooting demands consistency in holdover calculations, making first plane scopes a preferred choice.
As you weigh the pros and cons of second plane scopes, consider the demands of your chosen shooting discipline. Your shooting style, target distances, lighting conditions, and personal preferences should guide your decision. A comprehensive evaluation of factors will help you choose the optic that complements your strengths and mitigates your weaknesses.
In conclusion, the debate between second plane and first plane scopes revolves around adaptability versus precision. Both have their place in the shooting world, and your choice should align with the goals you aim to achieve. Remember, the right optic can elevate your shooting experience and lead to better performance in your chosen shooting applications.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Second Plane Scopes
Q: What are Second Plane Scopes?
A: Second Plane Scopes, often referred to as SP scopes, are a type of rifle scope where the reticle’s size remains constant throughout different magnification levels. This means that the reticle’s subtensions do not change as you adjust the magnification settings.
Q: How do Second Plane Scopes differ from First Plane Scopes?
A: The primary difference lies in the reticle’s behavior with changing magnification. In second plane scopes, the reticle size remains consistent, while in first plane scopes, the reticle size changes with magnification. This affects aspects like holdover calculations and range estimation.
Q: Are Second Plane Scopes suitable for long-range shooting?
A: While possible, second plane scopes might not be the ideal choice for precision long-range shooting due to complexities in holdover calculations caused by varying magnifications. First plane scopes are generally preferred for this application.
Q: Can I use Second Plane Scopes for tactical applications?
A: Yes, second plane scopes can be suitable for tactical applications. They offer quick target acquisition and adaptability in dynamic shooting scenarios, making them advantageous for tactical shooting environments.
Q: What reticle options are available for Second Plane Scopes?
A: Second plane scopes come with a variety of reticle options, ranging from simple crosshairs to more complex designs with hash marks and bullet drop compensators. The choice depends on your shooting style and the application.
Q: How do I calculate holdover with a Second Plane Scope?
A: Holdover calculations with a second plane scope can be more complex compared to first plane scopes. You’ll need to adjust calculations based on the current magnification setting. This can impact shooting accuracy, especially in varying scenarios.
Q: Are there any disadvantages to using Second Plane Scopes?
A: Yes, second plane scopes have their limitations. These include potential reticle visibility issues at high magnifications, challenges in holdover calculations at varying magnifications, and limited range estimation capability.
Q: What shooting scenarios are best suited for Second Plane Scopes?
A: Second plane scopes excel in scenarios that require quick target acquisition and adaptability, such as tactical shooting and competitive events. They offer a balance between rapid engagement and shot precision.
Q: Are there any specific brands known for manufacturing high-quality Second Plane Scopes?
A: Several reputable optic manufacturers offer high-quality second plane scopes. It’s advisable to research and read reviews to identify brands known for producing reliable and accurate second plane scopes.
Q: How do I maintain and clean my Second Plane Scope?
A: Proper maintenance involves regular cleaning of the lenses with a soft, lint-free cloth and using appropriate lens cleaning solutions. Avoid using abrasive materials that can scratch the lens surfaces. Store the scope in a protective case when not in use to prevent dust and debris accumulation.
L.P Brezny has been writing and reviewing product as well as how to projects for the past 50 years. He has authored four books on shooting with three on long range, and one covering shotgunning. With 26 years on a metro police department as a street officer and the rank of SGT / training L.P. has covered all the bases regarding weapons and street survival. During the early years in non-toxic shotshell ammunition development L.P. designed the first successful measurement system for recording the speed of shot shell payloads down range. He was responsible for getting actual shotshell velocities printed on factory load boxes. Over the years he has developed and markets MetroGun System TM, and sells his designed ammunition for subsonic sound suppressed shotgun shooting. Current L.P. resides in the South Dakota Black Hills and spends a good deal of time working through many types of ammunition both in the field on warm targets. With ultra long range being a current specialty L.P. shots for test and accuracy at ranges as great as one or more miles on the wide open Dakota grasslands.